� Proclamation 7264-Establishment of the California Coastal National
� January 11, 2000
� By the President of the United States of America
� The islands, rocks, and pinnacles of the California Coastal
National Monument overwhelm the viewer, as white-capped waves crash
into the vertical cliffs or deeply crevassed surge channels and
frothy water empties back into the ocean. Amidst that beauty lies
irreplaceable scientific values vital to protecting the fragile
ecosystems of the California coastline. At land's end, the islands,
rocks, exposed reefs, and pinnacles off the coast above mean high
tide provide havens for significant populations of sea mammals and
birds. They are part of a narrow and important flight lane in the
Pacific Flyway, providing essential habitat for feeding, perching,
nesting, and shelter.
� The California Coastal National Monument is a biological treasure.
The thousands of islands, rocks, exposed reefs, and pinnacles are
part of the nearshore ocean zone that begins just off shore and ends
at the boundary between the continental shelf and continental slope.
Waters of this zone are rich in nutrients from upwelling currents
and freshwater inflows, supporting a rich array of habitats and
currents, stimulate critical biological productivity and diversity
in both nearshore and offshore ocean waters.
� The monument contains many geologic formations that provide unique
habitat for biota. Wave action exerts a strong influence on habitat
distribution within the monument. Beaches occur where wave action is
light, boulder fields occur in areas of greater wave activity, and
rocky outcroppings occur where wave action is greatest. The pounding
surf within boulder fields and rocky shores often creates small, but
important, habitats known as tidepools, which support creatures
uniquely adapted for survival under such extreme physical
conditions. Although shoreline habitats may appear distinct from
those off shore, they are dependent upon each other, with vital and
dynamic exchange of nutrients and organisms being essential to
maintaining their healthy ecosystems. As part of California's
nearshore ocean zone, the monument is rich in biodiversity and holds
many species of scientific interest that can be particularly
sensitive to disturbance.
� The monument's vegetative character varies greatly. Larger rocks
mixed grass-herb, Polypodium, Distichlis, ice plant,
Synthyris-Poppy, Eymus, Poa-Baeria, chapparal, and wetlands
vegetation are all present. Larger rocks and islands contain a
diverse blend of the vegetation types.
� The monument provides feeding and nesting habitat for an estimated
200,000 breeding seabirds. Development on the mainland has forced
seabirds that once fed and nested in the shoreline ecosystem to
retreat to the areas protected by the monument. Pelagic seabird
species inhabit salt or brackish water environments for at least
part of their annual cycle and breed on offshore islands and rocks.
Gulls, the endangered California least tern, the threatened brown
pelican, and the -snowy plover, among countless others, all feed on
the vegetation and establish their nests in the monument. Both bald
eagles and peregrine falcons are found within the monument.
� The monument also provides forage and breeding habitat for several
mammal species. Pinnipeds are abundant, including the threatened
southern sea otter and the Guadalupe fur seal. The monument contains
important shelter for male California sea lions in the winter and
� Section 2 of the Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225, 16 U.S.C. 431)
authorizes the President, in his discretion, to declare by public
proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric
structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest
that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the
Government of the United States to be national monuments, and to
reserve as a part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in
all cases shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with the
proper care and management of the objects to be protected.
� Whereas it appears that it would be in the public interest to
reserve such lands as a national monument to be known as the
California Coastal National Monument:
� Now, Therefore, I, William J. ClInton, President of the United
States of America, by the authority vested in me by section 2 of the
Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225, 16 U.S.C. 431), do proclaim that
there are hereby set apart and reserved as the California Coastal
identified above, all unappropriated or unreserved lands and
interests in lands owned or controlled by the United States in the
form of islands, rocks, exposed reefs, and pinnacles above mean high
tide within 12 nautical miles of the shoreline of the State of
California. The Federal land and interests in land reserved are
encompassed in the entire 840 mile Pacific coastline, which is the
smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the
objects to be protected.
� The establishment of this monument is subject to valid existing
� All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of
this monument are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all forms
of entry, location, selection, sale, leasing, or other disposition
under the public land laws, including but not limited to withdrawal
from location, entry, and patent under the mining laws, and from
disposition under all laws relating to mineral and geothermal
leasing, other than by exchange that furthers the protective
purposes of the monument. Lands and interests in lands within the
as a part of the monument upon acquisition of title thereto by the
� The Secretary of the Interior shall manage the monument through the
Bureau of Land Management, pursuant to applicable legal authorities,
to implement the purposes of this proclamation.
� Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the national
monument shall be the dominant reservation.
� Nothing in this proclamation shall enlarge or diminish the
jurisdiction or authority of the State of California or the United
States over submerged or other lands within the territorial waters
off the coast of California.
� Nothing in this proclamation shall affect the rights or obligations
of any State or Federal oil or gas lessee within the territorial
waters off the California coast.
appropriate, injure, destroy, or remove any feature of this monument
and not to locate or settle upon any of the lands thereof
� In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this eleventh day
of January, in the year of our Lord two thousand, and of the
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and
� William J. Clinton
� [Filed with the Office of the Federal Register, 10:45 a.m., January
� NOTE: This proclamation will be published in the Federal Register
on January 18.